Magnesium oxide, or magnesia, is a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium.
Magnesia is more efficient than Alumina because it is stable up to 2200°C. It has an empirical formula of MgO. It is formed by an ionic bond between one magnesium and one oxygen atom. Magnesium oxide is hygroscopic in nature and care must be taken to protect it from moisture. Magnesium hydroxide forms in the presence of water (MgO + H2O → Mg(OH)2), but it can be reversed by heating it to separate moisture.