Graphite

Graphite

Graphite is a natural mineral derivative of carbon. It is a native element, often the result of sedimentary carbon compounds, but also occurring in certain rocks containing organic carbon, in magma or as the result of the reduction of sedimentary carbon through the reduction of carbonates.

Graphite has a non-compact layered structure made up of hexagonally-shaped structures. These layers are known as graphene have an inter-layer distance of approximately 0.336 nm.

In each layer, the carbon atoms are strongly bonded together by molecular links whereas the layers are not strongly bonded together, which explains the material’s relative lack of hardness.

Physical properties

Graphite is the stable form of carbon at ordinary temperatures and pressures. This material has a black, shiny, submetallic appearance. Its hardness is low, between 1 and 2 on the Mohs scale. Due to its layered structures, all of its physical properties are anistropic. Indeed, its electrical conductivity varies greatly if measured between the layers or perpendicularly.

Applications

Graphite has many industrial applications in various natural or synthetic forms :

  • Mechanical Engineering: friction parts, seals, lubricants
  • Electrical manufacturing: brush motors
  • Reducers, particularly in the steel industry (blast coke furnaces)
  • Electrodes for the steel industry (electrical steel)
  • Moderators in nuclear reactors
  • Adsorbents in activated charcoal filter

Graphite machining

Final Advanced Materials has manufacturing processes and an ISO 9001 certified quality system allowing us to manufacture the most complex parts in complete compliance with your designs and requirements.

  • Flat or round grinding, turnery on lathes
  • Milling
  • Drilling
  • Ultrasonic processing
  • Plane and cylindrical polishing
  • Tapping, threading, grinding
  • Graphite-metal and graphite-ceramic compounds, brazing, metallizing

Our range of graphite products

Machinable graphite

Machinable graphite is known for its excellent isostatic qualities and its perfect homogeneity. It does not absorb moisture, deform, burst or shrink due to thermal stress.

Coatings and surface treatments

In order to modify the specific characteristics of graphite, different coatings and treatments can be applied. We propose 5 types of coating and graphite impregnations for fine grain isostatic graphite...

Graphite powder

Using scrap from our production of machinable graphite, we can provide sifted powder...

Soft carbon and graphite felts for thermal insulation

Carbon/graphite felts with thicknesses of 6 and 11 mm and a width of 1200 mm are available. Specific widths can be provided and special shapes can be cut to your specifications.

Thread for flexible graphite felt

It is also possible to sew or fasten flexible GFA felts together using thread spun using carbon.

Rigid graphite felt

Rigid graphite felt is available with a thickness of 40 mm. This product is a shape-retentive insulating material made of graphite fibres and a carbon binder.

Bonding sheet

Bonding sheets use high quality expanded graphite without any adhesive or bonding elements. They can be used at high temperatures up to 3000°C in an inert atmosphere or a vacuum.

Carbon-graphite

These materials have a fine or very fine particle size and can have a very high degree of anisotropy due the axial process. They are made of amorphous carbon and graphite.

Carbon/carbon composite

Carbon reinforced carbon composites are primarily composed of carbon. The purity of these composites is very great as they are manufactured at temperatures of well over 2000°C.

Glassy carbon

Glassy carbon is high-temperature resistant in inert gas or vacuum environments up to 3000°C. Unlike all other ceramic and metallic high-temperature materials, glassy carbon increases in strength with a rise in temperature up to 2400°C.

Graphite (1.11M)

Technical data sheet graphite.


Carbon-graphite

These materials have a fine or very fine particle size and can have a very high degree of anisotropy due the axial process. They are made of amorphous carbon and graphite. These materials are...
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Carbon/carbon composite

Carbon reinforced carbon composites are primarily composed of carbon. The purity of these composites is very great as they are manufactured at temperatures of well over 2000°C. The ash content...
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Carbon/graphite felts

Carbon/graphite felts with thicknesses of 6 and 11 mm and a width of 1200 mm are available. Specific widths can be provided and special shapes can be cut to your specifications....
Full description

Glassy carbon

Glassy carbon is high-temperature resistant in inert gas or vacuum environments up to 3000°C. Unlike all other ceramic and metallic high-temperature materials, glassy carbon increases in...
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Graphite bonding sheet

Bonding sheets use high quality expanded graphite without any adhesive or bonding elements. They can be used at high temperatures up to 3000°C in an inert atmosphere or a vacuum. We stock 1...
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Graphite coatings

In order to modify the specific characteristics of graphite, different coatings and treatments can be applied. We propose 5 types of coating and graphite impregnations for fine grain...
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Graphite powder

Using scrap from our production of machinable graphite , we can provide sifted powder in the following standard sizes: 315-500 microns, ref: 113-0025 200-315 microns, ref:...
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High temperature graphite adhesive

Resbond ® ceramic adhesive presentation Cotronics ®  Resbond ® high temperature adhesive are based on high purity ceramic binders and selected reinforcing fillers. These adhesives have...
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Machinable graphite

Machinable graphite is known for its excellent isostatic qualities and its perfect homogeneity. It does not absorb moisture, deform, burst or shrink due to thermal stress. Graphite offers...
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Rigid graphite felt

Rigid graphite felt is available with a thickness of 40mm (maximum size 1524 x 1219 mm²). This product is a shape-retentive insulating material made of graphite fibres and a carbon binder. It...
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